Occupational Therapy Services at Gatewat School in Carteret NJ

Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy

The focus of Occupational Therapy at Gateway School is to maximize our student’s ability to achieve their maximum potential in their jobs as students. This is accomplished by identifying ways to either remediate or compensate for the following issues that impact this potential in the following areas:


Activities of Daily Living/Self-Care Skills

Use of real life tasks that enable our students to have increased independence

  • Shoe tying
  • Dressing Skills
  • Folding Clothes
  • Making Beds
  • Washing Dishes
  • Hygiene Skills such as teeth brushing
  • Meal Preparation


Gross Motor Skills

Working along with the students within their school environment to modify Physical Education, recess or activities within the community for maximum participation. Remediating deficits in areas that negatively impact gross motor skills including:

  • Motor planning
  • Physical endurance
  • Muscle tone
  • Postural/upper extremity control
  • Balance and equilibrium
  • Bilateral coordination


Fine Motor/Handwriting Skills

Working both in a therapeutic environment and in the classroom to improve areas for better use of classroom manipulatives (i.e. scissors, glue, blocks, buttons, zippers), as well as improved handwriting skills. The Handwriting Without Tears Program is utilized an effective tool that incorporates various learning styles to enhance the student’s writing abilities. Skills that are targeted can include:

  • Grasp patterns
  • Grading of upper extremity movement patterns
  • Upper extremity strength and stability
  • Scissoring skills
  • Visual Perceptual skills
  • Keyboarding skills


Sensory Modulation

The ability to sit and attend is the foundation of a student’s ability to learn and operate smoothly within their environment. When issues are present that impact their ability to self- regulate and therefore attend,sensory strategies, coupled with pull out therapy sessions, are incorporated into the classroom setting to provide needed input throughout the students day. This input can include use of heavy work, access to various types of swings, alternate forms of seating, or use of a pressure or weighted vest. These are just a small sampling as each program is designed to best fit the need of the individual child.


Social Skills

One of the biggest challenges for our students is the ability appropriately interact with not only peers and staff, but with people in the community. These skills are built in therapy in a variety of ways, these include: role playing, party/meal planning with peers, engaging in team building activities, and practicing in small groups. These skills are practiced in a variety of settings within the community, such as restaurants, grocery stores, the Post Office.



As students move toward being able to become a contributing member of society abilities that are needed to be successful are met by honing the following skills:

  • Organization
  • Cooperative group functioning
  • Speed/Accuracy
  • Ability to follow a variety of directions
  • Acceptance of authority

Therapy services are given in individual, group, as well as integrated classroom sessions, depending on the need of the student.

Definition of Occupational Therapy Practice for the AOTA Model Practice Act

The practice of occupational therapy means the therapeutic use of occupations, including everyday life activities with individuals, groups, populations, or organizations to support participation, performance, and function in roles and situations in home, school, workplace, community, and other settings. Occupational therapy services are provided for habilitation, rehabilitation, and the promotion of health and wellness to those who have or are at risk for developing an illness, injury, disease, disorder, condition, impairment, disability, activity limitation, or participation restriction.

Occupational therapy addresses the physical, cognitive, psychosocial, sensory-perceptual, and other aspects of performance in a variety of contexts and environments to support engagement in occupations that affect physical and mental health, well-being, and quality of life.